集智翻译-Economic Reasoning And Artificial Intelligence

来自集智百科
跳转到: 导航搜索

本篇论文由集智专家组推荐,推荐语如下:

“随着人工智能的突飞猛进,我们的世界将会逐渐演化成一个算法自主管理、交互的世界。例如,股票市场中的自动交易程序,搜索引擎中的自动竞价程序等等。因此,研究这些智能主体的经济交互行为成为了一个非常重要的课题。有趣的是,曾经一度被批判的基于“同质化的理性经济人”假说的主流经济学再一次复兴起来,人们发现,这些经济学模型可以较好地描述由理性的算法所组成的经济系统。‘机器经济学’(Machina economicus)就是这样一门为机器和算法建立起来的经济学理论。随着算法经济平台、“软件即服务”的发展,机器经济学必将兴起。”


Economic Reasoning and Artificial Intelligence

经济推理与人工智能

[Abstract]The field of artificial intelligence (AI) strives to build rational agents capable of perceiving the world around them and taking actions to advance specified goals. Put another way, AI researchers aim to construct a synthetic homo economicus, the mythical perfectly rational agent of neoclassical economics. We review progress toward creating this new species of machine, machina economicus, and discuss some challenges in designing AIs that can reason effectively in economic contexts. Supposing that AI succeeds in this quest, or at least comes close enough that it is useful to think about AIs in rationalistic terms, we ask how to design the rules of interaction in multi-agent systems that come to represent an economy of AIs. Theories of normative design from economics may prove more relevant for artificial agents than human agents, with AIs that better respect idealized assumptions of rationality than people, interacting through novel rules and incentive systems quite distinct from those tailored for people.


[摘要]在人工智能(Artificial Intelligence, AI)领域中,人们正在建立可以感知周围环境、为达到特定目的而采取理性行动的智能主体(agents)。换句话说,AI研究者们正在试图建立一个人造的“理性经济人”(homo economicus,即新古典主义经济学塑造的那个神化般完美的理性经济主体)。这篇文章综述了人们在创造“机器经济人”(machine economicus)这一新机器物种方面的研究进展,并对如何构建可在经济学情境下进行有效推理的人工智能所面临的挑战进行了深入探讨。假如AI实现了这一目标,或者至少足够接近了,即可以用理性主义的术语去思考AI了,那么我们就可以考量如何为多主体系统设计互动规则以表达那些由AI构成的经济系统。我们会发现,那些来源于经济学的规范化(Normative)设计理论更适合AI主体而不是人类主体。这是因为AI可以更好地符合那些理想化的假设,并能够遵循更新的规则和激励系统,而不是为不完美理性的人量身定制的规则来完成互动。 (翻译BY刘清晴)


英文原文下载:http://wiki.swarma.net/index.php/File:Economic_reasoning_and_artificial_intelligence.pdf


中文译文下载:http://wiki.swarma.net/index.php/File:%E7%BB%8F%E6%B5%8E%E6%8E%A8%E7%90%86%E4%B8%8E%E4%BA%BA%E5%B7%A5%E6%99%BA%E8%83%BD(Chinese_Version).zip

个人工具
名字空间
操作
导航
工具箱